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The contents of the Joy of Pregnancy website, such as text, graphics, images, and other material contained on The Joy of Pregnancy website (“Content”) are for informational purposes only. The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on The Joy of Pregnancy website.

If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately. The Harvard Common Press, Tori Kropp, and The Joy of Pregnancy do not recommend or endorse any specific tests, physicians, products, procedures, opinions, or other information that may be mentioned on the website. Reliance on any information provided by The Harvard Common Press, Tori Kropp, and The Joy of Pregnancy website is solely at your own risk.